Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

What is juvenile rheumatoid arthritis?

You might think of arthritis as a condition that only affects older people, but kids can get arthritis, too. Called juvenile arthritis, it can cause the same joint stiffness, swelling and pain that adults with arthritis experience. The most common type of juvenile arthritis is juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, also called juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

Symptoms of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease, which means that the body's immune system attacks normal, healthy tissue the same way it would attack germs like a virus or bacteria. This can cause symptoms like:

  • Stiffness in the joints
  • Clumsiness from stiff joints
  • Joint pain
  • Joint swelling
  • Limping

In some cases, juvenile arthritis can also cause swollen lymph nodes, a rash or fever. Talk to your child's doctor if he or she has had joint pain or stiffness lasting longer than a week, especially if he or she also has a fever or other symptoms.

Diagnosis and testing for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

Your child's doctor will ask you about his or her symptoms and will do a physical exam that includes checking the joints that are bothering your child. Your child may also need tests, such as:

  • Imaging tests like an X-ray, MRI or bone scan
  • Blood tests
  • Bone marrow tests

Your child may also be referred to an orthopaedic specialist who may take a sample of the fluid in the joints to check for any problems. 

Long term, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can cause problems with the eyes or with your child's growth. Getting an early, accurate diagnosis and regular check-ups with an experienced care team can lower the risk for these complications.


Even with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, your child can still live an active and healthy life. Common treatments for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis include:

  • Medicines to control symptoms, such as NSAIDs or DMARDs
  • Physical therapy
  • Exercise
  • Steroid injections

You and your child will work with a team of doctors and physical therapists to come up with an individualized treatment plan. Talk to your child's doctor if you have any questions or concerns about whether certain exercises or activities are safe for your child.

Viscosupplementation for Treatment of Arthritis

The idea behind viscosupplementation is to lubricate the cartilage that protects bones and keeps them from rubbing against each other.


Physical Therapy

Each inpatient and outpatient physical therapy rehab is individually designed and administered by a licensed physical therapist who consistently guides you from that first visit all the way through recovery.



Rheumatic conditions can significantly impact your daily life. Our experts are here for you every step of the way. Our rheumatologists have years of experience, treating all musculoskeletal and autoimmune diseases with compassionate and personalized care.