Hematuria is the presence of blood in your urine. Blood that you can see is called gross hematuria. Urinary blood that’s visible only under a microscope is known as microscopic hematuria and is found when your doctor tests your urine. Either way, it’s important to determine the reason for the bleeding. Treatment depends on the underlying cause.
The visible sign of hematuria is pink, red or cola-colored urine—the result of the presence of red blood cells. It takes very little blood to produce red urine, and the bleeding usually isn’t painful. If you’re also passing blood clots in your urine, that can be painful. Bloody urine often occurs without other signs or symptoms.
In hematuria, your kidneys—along with other parts of your urinary tract—can allow blood cells to leak into urine. This can create a number of issues, including:
- Urinary Tract Infections
- Kidney Infections
- A Bladder or Kidney Stone
- Enlarged Prostate
- Kidney Disease
- Inherited Disorders
- Kidney Injury
- Strenuous Exercise
In addition to urine and blood tests, you may need additional imaging tests. Treatment is aimed at the underlying cause. After treatment, your doctor will recheck your urine to see if the blood is gone. If you still have blood in your urine, you may need additional tests, or you may be referred to a urologist.