General pharmacy practice
Preceptors: Liz Ferrigno, RPh; Steve Breslin, PharmD; Andrea Lordan, PharmD, BCPS
Pharmacy practice and orientation is a required seven-week rotation beginning the date of hire. This rotation will allow for the resident to become familiar not only with the layout of Paoli Hospital, but also with the staff, each satellite’s intricacies, and the pharmacy system. During this rotation, the resident will observe and participate in technician responsibilities, such as IV admixture, medication filling/delivery, restocking Pyxis process, ordering, pre-packing unit dose medications, and compounding. The resident will also observe and participate in pharmacist duties, as this will encompass the majority of their responsibilities. These include, but not limited to, learning policy/procedures of Main Line Health (MLH), Epic (clinical system), non-formulary drug reviews, therapeutic substitutions, daily reports, and chemotherapy. Also, included during this time is two-day Main Line Health Orientation as well as Main Line Health Culture of Safety Training. Good communication and interpersonal skills are vital to success in this experience. The resident must devise efficient strategies for accomplishing the required activities in a limited time frame.
Preceptor: Kelly Butler, PharmD
The internal medicine rotation is a required five-week rotation that will give the resident a basic understanding of disease states encountered in adult internal medicine. This rotation will stress the application of therapeutics in patient care and require the resident to develop skills in proper drug therapy selection, patient monitoring, pharmacokinetics, patient education, drug administration and delivery of pharmaceutical care to hospitalized patients. Core content will be covered via patient experiences, discussion of reading materials, and/or case presentations. During this Internal Medicine rotation, the resident will round on the telemetry floor, medical/surgical floor, and orthopaedic floor. Common disease states in which the resident will be expected to gain proficiency through literature review, topic discussion and/or direct patient care experience include but are not limited to congestive heart failure, stroke, acute myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation, common infectious diseases, chronic/acute renal failure, COPD, thromboembolic Disease, diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis, and orthopaedic topics.
Adult critical care/trauma
Preceptor: Kiyo Yoda, PharmD
The adult critical care/trauma rotation is a required five-week rotation that provides experience in a variety of disease states found in the critical care setting. The resident will have experiences which will improve their understanding of the diagnosis, pathology, pathophysiology, and pharmacotherapy of the critically ill patient. The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is a 16-bed unit comprised of medical and surgical intensive care patients. The daily ICU interdisciplinary rounds focusing on medical or cardiac patients are typically led by the ICU director or a Critical Care Hospitalist. The trauma interdisciplinary rounds are led by Jefferson Health System Trauma Surgeons twice a week on trauma patients only. In addition to rounding, other typical daily activities include: patient profile review and identification of and resolution of any medication related issues (ex. IV-PO, vancomycin levels), laboratory data monitoring for appropriate dosing of drug therapy (ex. renal dosing, antimicrobial cultures & sensitivities), evaluation of medication regimens for appropriateness and cost-effectiveness, proactive involvement in drug therapy management, monitoring and reporting adverse drug reactions. The resident will demonstrate the ability to effectively communicate with health-care professionals by presenting information in a practical, logical, well-organized and timely manner.
Preceptor: Deena Rojek, PharmD
The infectious diseases rotation is a required five-week rotation in which the resident will design, recommend, monitor and evaluate patient-specific therapeutic regimens which will concentrate on proper antimicrobial selection based on knowledge gained during infectious disease rounds with Paoli Hospital’s infectious disease physicians, along with analyzing microbiology and laboratory values, utilizing the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and therapeutics. The resident will develop problem solving skills and participate in antimicrobial stewardship activities which include appropriate selection, dosing, route and duration of antimicrobial therapy. The resident will utilize the following stewardship strategies including formulary restrictions and pre-authorizations, streamlining or de-escalation of therapy, dose optimization, parenteral to oral conversions, prospective audit with intervention and feedback and education based on clinical guidelines and pathways.
Pharmacy practice management
Preceptors: Al Celidonio, RPh, Director of Pharmacy; Dan O’Loughlin, PharmD, Pharmacy Manager
The pharmacy practice management rotation is a required five-week rotation that places emphasis on issues of planning, structure, organization, leadership and philosophy of practice in an integrated health care system. The program helps build the resident’s maturity, creativity, judgment and problem solving skills necessary in the development and management of progressive pharmacy programs. The pharmacy practice management rotation is designed to ensure that the pharmacy resident receives proper training and guidance regarding the myriad of pharmacy services and leadership skills necessary to be successful in today’s multidisciplinary health care environment. The resident will work with the Director during this rotation. The resident will at times function as a supervisor in the various areas of the pharmacy.
Preceptor: Sean Young, PharmD, BCPS
The emergency medicine rotation is a required five-week rotation. At Paoli Hospital, the ED averages over 30,000 patient visits annually and is compromised of three rapid evaluation rooms, 21 acute beds, five fast track beds, and two trauma bays. Paoli is a Level II trauma center and is the only trauma accredited hospital in Chester County. During this rotation, the pharmacy resident will be responsible for establishing a relationship and working with the ED personnel to identify, prevent, and resolve many different types of medication issues. The resident will provide both cognitive and dispensing services to the ED. The dispensing functions will include review of medication orders generated for ED patients and fulfillment of medication orders as needed. The cognitive functions will include medication list management, patient counseling/education, decisions about patient care, assisting with traumas/codes, developing educational materials, and providing drug information as needed.
Preceptors: Kelly Butler, PharmD
The cardiology rotation is a required five-week rotation in which the Paoli residency program has teamed up with the cardiology consultants of Philadelphia Main Line Division. The physician practice is located conveniently at Paoli Hospital and consists of eight physicians and two nurse practitioners. There is one non-invasive cardiologist and one interventionist rounding in the hospital each day. The resident will divide their time between each of the cardiologists who are on site each day. Additionally, the resident will provide pharmaceutical care to patients in the cardiology office as part of the rotation requirements. Paoli Hospital is recognized nationally for quality in cardiac care and offers a broad range cardiovascular services. After completing the rotation the resident will have gained a better understanding of the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics of cardioactive drugs, be able to discuss the pathophysiology of cardiac disease, explain the role of the ECG in diagnosis and drug monitoring of cardiac disease and understand the use of other basic cardiac diagnostic tests including physical assessment of the cardiovascular system, as well as the appropriate use of interventional procedures.
Preceptor: Liz Ferrigno, RPh
The medication safety rotation is an elective four-week rotation designed to assist the resident in identifying ways to improve the medication use system and minimize the risk of adverse drug events. The resident will participate in various initiatives which will positively impact medication safety in a community hospital setting. The resident will become familiar with strategies utilized in medication safety through projects, meetings and communication tools.
Outpatient hematology / oncology
Preceptor: Joe Stuccio, RPh, MS
The outpatient hematology/oncology rotation is an elective four-week rotation that focuses on developing the resident's knowledge base and skill set in providing care for the ambulatory oncology patient. The rotation provides an opportunity for the resident to practice clinical pharmacy in a medical oncology clinic setting and interact with a multidisciplinary team in the provision of evidence-based treatment and supportive care. The resident will also learn the role of the infusion pharmacist by reviewing chemotherapy regimens, preparing and dispensing chemotherapy.
Pharmacy informatics / information technology
Preceptors: Heather Troup, PharmD; Deena Rojek, PharmD (coordinating); Pharmacy IT staff
The pharmacy informatics/information technology rotation is an elective four-week rotation which exposes the resident to Main Line Health System’s medication-use system by applying pharmacy informatics principles, standards and best practices including computerized physician order entry, electronic medical records automated dispensing cabinets, etc. The resident will gain basic understanding of the language and concepts of information technology by working closely with the Pharmacy System Administrator and the pharmacy informatics specialists.
Pain and palliative care
Preceptors: Kiyo Yoda, PharmD; Pain and Palliative Care Team Members
The pain and palliative care rotation is an elective four-week rotation designed to provide the resident with training in understanding how to assess and manage pain and symptoms in a variety of patient populations in an inpatient setting. Perception of pain, definitions of types of pain, patient safety and hospital performance as they relate to patient outcomes will be an integral theme of the rotation. Education to patients, their caregivers and clinical staff including physicians are crucial elements of the rotation as pain management may have a direct impact on a patient’s overall outcome.
General pediatrics/NICU Alfred I duPont Hospital for Children Nemours
Preceptor: Elora Hilmas, PharmD, BCPS and Nemours Staff; Deena Rojek, PharmD (coordinating)
The general pediatrics and NICU rotation is an elective four-week rotation which will take place at Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children in Wilmington, Delaware. This rotation is designed to provide the resident with direct patient care experience in a tertiary care teaching hospital dedicated exclusively to pediatric medicine. The rotation will expose the resident to a variety of pediatric disease states through attendance on patient care rounds, working with interdisciplinary teams and dispensing medications. The resident will be expected to recommend and implement pharmaceutical care plans and to prevent and solve medication therapy issues. The resident will also be provided with experiences in the NICU as well as antimicrobial stewardship in pediatrics.
Required longitudinal experiences
Senior oncology program
Preceptor: Kiyo Yoda, PharmD
The senior oncology program rotation is a longitudinal rotation. The Cancer Center at Paoli Hospital under the direction of the medical director Dr. Michael Dabrow has developed a senior oncology program to address the unique health needs and social services of elderly cancer patients. The role of the pharmacist in the senior oncology program is to provide support in terms of medication review and counseling with enrolled patients. This rotation will give the resident exposure to ambulatory care in a busy hospital based cancer center. Additionally residents will utilize their counseling skills and develop rapport with seniors from the local community. This rotation will require the resident to familiarize themselves with chemotherapy regimens and supportive care treatments and to develop skills in patient counseling with a focus on the senior/geriatric population to improve patient outcomes.
Preceptor: Kelly Butler, PharmD
The Project RED (re-engineered discharge) is a longitudinal rotation. This rotation focuses on improving processes that occur during a patient’s transition from hospital to home. One-in-five elderly patients is readmitted to the hospital within 30 days after discharge and approximately 40 percent may be avoidable. Patients who have congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction or pneumonia are screened on admission for eligibility. The “Teach Back” method is utilized to assess a patient’s understanding of skills required to avoid readmission including knowledge about medications and most importantly, on the day of discharge, a review of written discharge instructions. This rotation will require the resident to develop skills in patient counseling with a focus on preventing readmissions due to heart failure and improving patient outcomes.
Preceptor: Kiyo Yoda, PharmD
The drug information is a longitudinal rotation. Residents will be responsible for providing comprehensive, evidenced-based medication information. The residents are expected to respond to drug information requests in a timely manner and document all details of the interventions. Residents will have an on-call schedule to handle after hour calls. Inquiries will not be limited to health care professionals and may include requests from patients and their caregivers. Responses should be tailored to the appropriate language level dependent on the background of the requestor. As part of the longitudinal experience, residents will be responsible for reviewing and evaluating journal and final presentations of APPE students and will also be required to prepare and present two formal journal clubs per resident. Finally, a minimum of one newsletter article must be submitted to be included in the MLHS Pharmacy Newsletter.
Pharmacy and therapeutics committee
Preceptors: Al Celidonio, RPh, Director of Pharmacy; Kelly Butler, PharmD
The Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee (P&T) is a longitudinal rotation. The Main Line Health P&T Committee has three primary functions: formulary maintenance, safe medication use, and medication use evaluation. The P&T Committee is also responsible for the development of all drug distribution and administration policies and procedures including all new or updated Main Line Health System pre-printed/computerized physician order entry physician order forms if medications are listed. Residents are responsible to provide support to the P&T Committee and its subcommittees in the form of transcription of meeting minutes, written drug monographs, medication use evaluations and formulary reviews. Interpretation of medical literature, cost analysis, pharmacy budget and patient safety issues will be analyzed. Residents will be given the opportunity to utilize presentation skills through meeting participation.
Nursing-pharmacy medication safety committee (formerly CQI)
Preceptor: Al Celidonio, RPh, Director of Pharmacy
The Nursing-Pharmacy Medication Safety Committee, formerly CQI Committee, is a longitudinal rotation. The Nursing-Pharmacy Medication Safety Committee reviews all medication administration events (similarities, trends, and process issues) to ensure that patients are receiving on admission, and throughout their hospital stay, the most appropriate, safe, and effective drug therapy for their clinical condition. Meeting attendance is required and documentation of meeting agenda topics is required. The resident will present their own quarterly improvement ideas that are shared with the committee. The resident may be asked to share an Institute for Safe Medication Practice article that can have some impact if initiated system-wide.
Preceptor: Liz Ferrigno, RPh
The staffing/pharmacy services is a longitudinal rotation. The resident will work in the main dispensing pharmacy as assigned. This rotation will begin after the pharmacy orientation rotation and will end on June 30th of the residency year. Rotation activities allow the resident to assimilate and integrate a variety of practice skills developed within the pharmacy department in order to function effectively as an acute care pharmacy practitioner in varied different hospital settings during his or her professional career. The rotation will assist the resident in developing good communication and interpersonal skills, devising efficient strategies for accomplishing the required activities in the given time frame and at the completion of this longitudinal rotation, the resident will be able to function as a staff pharmacist in various areas of the pharmacy.
Pharmacy residency research project
Preceptor: Al Celidonio, RPh, Director of Pharmacy
The residency research project is a longitudinal rotation. The project may be in the form of original research, a problem-solving exercise, or development, enhancement or evaluation of some aspect of pharmacy operations or patient care services. As a component of the project, the resident will submit the project as a work in progress for poster presentation at the ASHP Midyear Meeting. Alternatively the resident may have the project completed for the ASHP Midyear Meeting. Attendance/Podium Presentation at the Eastern States Residency Conference held in the Spring generally in early May will also be required. The resident may complete the original work presented for the ASHP Midyear Meeting or do a new project. The Eastern States Residency Conference is a forum where residents share experiences and expertise. Each resident will make a presentation on his or her residency project, which will be evaluated by the Residency Director and/ or coordinating preceptor(s). Residents will also be reviewed by their peers and other preceptors attending the program.