Dermabrasion is a technique in which a dermatologist “sands” your skin with a special instrument—a wire brush or a diamond wheel with rough edges (called a burr or fraise) to remove the upper layers of the skin. The face is the most common site for treatment, but other areas of the skin can be treated this way. The procedure is almost always done in your doctor’s office or on an outpatient basis. The procedure makes way for a new, smoother layer of skin to replace the skin that’s been treated.
Dermabrasion is used to treat damage and defects in the upper layers of the skin, such as acne scars and scars caused by surgery, trauma or disease, if the scars are not deep. Dermabrasion may also be an option to treat other superficial skin growths, some tattoo removals, color changes in the skin from melasma or age spots and fine lines and wrinkles around the mouth.
The procedure, involves abrading or planning the top layers of the skin. As the wound heals, new skin grows to replace the damaged skin that was removed during dermabrasion.
For deeper abrasions, or if the entire face is going to be treated, you may need stronger anesthesia, pain killers, sedation or general anesthesia. One small area at a time is treated.