Preventing illness or injury is a big part of making your trip relaxing and enjoyable. Because some destinations have environments that may be very different from the area you live in, and, particularly, travel to developing countries pose certain risks, it is important to take certain precautions.
If you are planning to travel outside the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that you:
prepare a complete travel itinerary, listing each destination, length of stay, and types of activities planned.
contact your travel agent to obtain local health information, including food and beverage precautions, information regarding insects and other pests, and the availability of emergency medical care.
check with your insurance company to determine what coverage your policy provides for travel abroad.
contact your physician for an up-to-date immunization record and make an appointment to receive necessary vaccinations at least six weeks before you plan to leave.
obtain specific information on preventive health recommendations based on your itinerary by contacting the CDC's Travel Information Web site.
Be sure to also get prescription medications refilled to last the entire duration of the trip. Take extra prescriptions for medications, as well as necessary eyewear, in case it is necessary to have medications filled while abroad. Wear a medical information bracelet, if necessary, and take along a first aid kit for minor emergencies that may arise.
Eat carefully if traveling to a country with an increased risk of traveler's diarrhea.
Eat foods that are steaming hot and well-cooked, as these are usually the safest.
Avoid eating foods from street vendors, no matter how appetizing they look.
Avoid unpasteurized dairy products and raw or uncooked seafood.
Peel fruits yourself.
Drink commercially bottled water or carbonated beverages.
Use bottled water when brushing your teeth.
If you are traveling to a country with an increased risk of malaria, obtain a prescription for preventive medicine for this disease from your physician. The medication needs to be taken before you go on your trip, during your travels, and for four weeks after you return.
Avoid swimming and any water activities in freshwater lakes and streams as you may be exposed to certain diseases. If you are traveling to a country with an increased risk of disease transmitted by mosquitoes, be sure to protect yourself with insect repellents, special clothing, and bednets while traveling in these areas.
© 2014 Main Line Health