If you have not gone through menopause, you ovaries are your main source of estrogen. They may be taken out by surgery. This surgery is called oophorectomy or ovariectomy. You will get general anesthesia before the surgery so that you’ll go to sleep and don’t feel anything. The surgeon may do open surgery, which means you’ll have a large incision. Or you may be able to have laparoscopic surgery, which means you have smaller incisions. The side effects of surgery and your recovery time depend on which procedure you have done.
Another way to stop the ovaries from making estrogen is to use radiation to inactivate them.
Removing or inactivating the ovaries cause premature menopause. Not only will your periods end, but you may also have side effects such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness. You may also have a loss of bone mass. Your doctor will treat you for bone loss so that it doesn’t lead to osteoporosis.
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