If your job requires you to sit for much of the day, sooner or later you may experience pain in your back, neck, shoulder, hands or wrists.
You can avoid such problems by practicing the following strategies.
These tips can help you prevent stiff muscles:
Take a five-minute stretch break every hour. Stand up and stretch your whole body. Gently shake your hands and wrists.
Occasionally do tasks that you can do while standing, such as filing or returning phone calls.
Exercise to strengthen your upper back and shoulders. Ask a fitness professional or physician for specific exercises to strengthen these areas.
Improper posture is a primary cause of back, neck and shoulder pain. To sit more comfortably:
Sit with your back, head and neck in a line perpendicular to the floor. Don't lean or hunch over your desk or keyboard.
Sit in a chair that supports your back at the spine's curve. The seat should incline slightly forward, and the cushion should curve slightly downward to relieve pressure on the thighs.
Keep your back at right angles to the floor and your thighs and forearms parallel to it when you sit.
Position your keyboard at the proper height. It should be at a height that keeps your forearms parallel to the floor while you type.
Keep your shoulders down, not hunched or pulled up toward your head.
Don't drop your head forward. Keep it squarely above your neck and shoulders.
Use a footrest. Raising your feet and legs makes sitting more comfortable, helps relieve pressure on the back and legs and improves circulation.
These tips can help you prevent pain in your hands and wrists:
Keep your wrists flat and in a straight line with your forearms.
Use proper typing techniques. Touch the keys lightly and relax your hands when you pause between keystrokes.
Avoid bending your wrists up and down or stretching your hands from side to side at the wrists. Move your arms to reach for keys at the edge of your keyboard.
Don't push or rest your wrists or forearms against hard desk edges; doing so can compress your nerves and cause or aggravate nerve problems.
Do hand stretches before starting work and during short breaks. These stretches should be "active": Use the hand's own muscles to stretch rather than using the other hand to do the stretching.
Have your keyboard cleaned or fixed if the keys stick.
Keep your mouse within easy reach of the keyboard. Be gentle; don't grasp or tap it forcefully.
Taking a short stretch break every hour or so can relieve muscle tension and increase your productivity and comfort. You can do all of the following stretches in three to five minutes:
Overall body stretch. Get out of your chair, lift your arms above your head and reach for the sky. Repeat three times.
Shoulder-blade stretch. Clasp your hands together behind your back and pull your shoulder blades together. Repeat three times.
Shoulder rolls. Slowly roll your shoulders five times forward, then five times back.
Head tilts. Slowly and gently tilt your head to the right, to the left and forward -- stopping when you feel a stretch. Repeat two more times.
© 2014 Main Line Health