You can help reduce the effects of aging by following this simple advice: Take care of yourself. Habits that keep your body functioning at its best are the same things that promote an active, confidant bearing, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP).
Here are some ideas to help add healthful behaviors and attitudes to your life.
A diet high in saturated fat and trans-fat can increase your risk for heart disease and certain cancers. The American Heart Association and other health organizations recommend limiting your total fat intake to no more than 30 percent of your daily calories. Diets that are high in fat and sugar also promote obesity, which not only affects your appearance, but also is a risk factor for many diseases. An unhealthy preoccupation with weight loss, however, can also take its toll on your appearance, particularly in adolescent and young women, and can lead to serious eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia. For optimum health and appearance, strike a healthy balance by eating meals rich in whole grains, vegetables, and fruits, with small servings of chicken, fish, and lean meat. Be sure to drink plenty of water every day. Good hydration helps keep the skin taut and elastic and reduces bloating.
Regular exercise improves muscle tone, so you stand taller, walk with more confident strides, and look people straight in the eye. Good cardiovascular conditioning also improves blood flow to muscles and skin, so your skin tone is more likely to have a healthy glow. Do some kind of moderate physical activity for 30 to 60 minutes most days of the week, the AAFP says. According to the 2008 Physical Guidelines for Americans, 30 to 60 minutes of exercise each day not only will help maintain and improve health, but will also help prevent weight gain; 60 to 90 minutes is recommended for even greater health benefit and to sustain weight loss. Include anaerobic strength training and aerobic activities, such as walking, running, swimming, or cycling. Include daily stretches to maintain flexibility. Be sure to check with your doctor before beginning any exercise program.
Give your body the rest it needs to restore itself, says the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. You'll feel refreshed, you'll look better, you'll have more spring in your step and your day will be filled with vitality. Getting too little sleep creates a "sleep debt" that eventually must be repaid. Operating on a sleep deficit affects your judgment and reaction time.
Harmful substances take their toll on your appearance and your health. Smokers, for instance, are more likely to have dry, wrinkled skin than nonsmokers, says the American Cancer Society. Overuse of alcohol can also dry the skin. Too much sun causes damage, too. Guard against skin cancer and premature wrinkling by using sunscreen and wearing a hat and protective clothing when you spend time outdoors.
People with good emotional health are aware of their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, the AAFP says. They have learned healthy ways to cope with the stress and problems that are a normal part of life. Poor emotional health can weaken your body's immune system, making you more likely to get colds and other infections during emotionally difficult times. One way to nurture your emotional health is to calm your mind and body through relaxation and meditation. If you are positive about yourself and others, you will automatically present a more attractive face to the world.
© 2014 Main Line Health