Common Childhood Injuries and Poisonings

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  1. Abrasions

    An abrasion is a superficial rub or wearing off of the skin, usually caused by a scrape or a "brush burn." Abrasions are usually minor injuries that can be treated at home.

  2. Accident Statistics

    Injury is the leading cause of death in children and young adults. Falls are the leading cause of unintentional injury for children.

  3. Anatomy of the Eye

    The structures of the eye include the cornea, iris, pupil, macula, retina, and the optic nerve.

  4. Animal Bites

    Detailed information on animal bites and rabies, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

  5. Avoiding Eye Injuries in Children

    Children should wear protective eyewear during sports and recreational activities. In the classroom, they should wear eye protection when doing lab experiments.

  6. Bites and Stings

    Detailed information on insect bites, including bee stings, flea bites, mite bites, chigger bites, spider bites, tick bites, and lyme disease

  7. Blisters in Children

    Detailed information on blisters, including cause, first-aid, and treatment

  8. Bruises

    A bruise is a collection of blood underneath the skin that is caused by trauma to an area of the body. Sometimes, enough bleeding occurs so that a lump also forms.

  9. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in Children

    Carbon monoxide is a poisonous, colorless, tasteless, odorless gas. It is the most common cause of accidental poisoning-related deaths and is often called "the silent killer."

  10. Cat Scratch Disease in Children

    Cat scratches and bites can cause cat scratch disease, a bacterial infection carried in cat saliva. Young kittens younger than a year old are more likely to scratch, increasing the likelihood of infection.

  11. Chemical Burns of the Eye

    A chemical burn occurs when a child gets any type of chemical in his or her eye. This is a medical emergency, and the child should receive immediate medical care.

  12. Childproof Your Home for Poisons

    Always remember that ordinary products you use each day around the home can become dangerous poisons in the hands of a child.

  13. Children and Fleas, Mites, and Chiggers

    Fleas, mites, and chiggers often bite humans, but aren't poisonous. It's sometimes difficult to assess which type of insect caused the bite, or if the rash is caused by poison ivy or other skin conditions.

  14. Corneal Abrasions

    A corneal abrasion is a scratch or injury to the cornea, the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. This is a very common occurrence in children.

  15. Cosmetic Safety for Adolescent Contact Lens Wearers

    Cosmetics are among some of the most common sources of problems for contact lens wearers. Misusing cosmetics can lead to severe adverse reactions.

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