Statistics: Gynecological Health at a Glance

Gynecological conditions and infections

Virtually every woman is affected by a gynecological condition or infection at some time during her life. Consider the following:

  • Aside from AIDS, the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among women is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). In the US, more than one million women experience an episode of acute PID each year, with teenagers having the highest rate of infection.

  • It is estimated that 5 million women and girls of childbearing age in the US have endometriosis. Endometriosis is one of the three major causes of female infertility.

  • Chlamydia, a sexually transmitted vaginal infection, is the most frequently reported infectious disease in the US. However, 75 percent of women have no symptoms and may not seek health care. Left untreated, 40 percent of women will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and many of these women will become infertile.

Gynecological cancers

Consider the following gynecological cancer statistics from the American Cancer Society (ACS):

  • Cancer of the endometrium is the most common cancer of the female reproductive organs. It is estimated that 46,470 new cases of endometrial cancer will be diagnosed in the US in 2011, and about 8,120 women will die from endometrial cancer.

  • Ovarian cancer is the ninth most common cancer among women. It is estimated that about 21,990 new cases of ovarian cancer will be diagnosed in the US in 2011. Ovarian cancer accounts for 3 percent of all new cancers in women and causes more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system. It is estimated that there will be about 15,460 deaths from ovarian cancer during 2011.

  • The mortality rates for cervical cancer have declined sharply as Pap screenings have become more prevalent. About 12,710 cases of invasive cervical cancer will be diagnosed in the US during 2011. It is estimated that 4,290 women will die from cervical cancer during 2011.

  • When vulvar cancer is detected early, it is highly curable. It is estimated that about 4,340 cases of vulvar cancer will be diagnosed in the US in 2011.

  • Vaginal cancer is relatively rare. It is estimated that approximately 2,570 cases of vaginal cancer will be diagnosed in the US during 2011.

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