Hormones and the Endocrine System

Consider the following hormones and their role in the workings of the endocrine system:

Where the Hormone is Produced

Hormone(s) Secreted

Hormone Function

Adrenal Glands

Aldosterone

Regulates salt and water balance

Adrenal Glands

Corticosteroid

Controls key functions in the body; acts as an anti-inflammatory; maintains blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and muscle strength; regulates salt and water balance

Pituitary Gland

Antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin)

Affects water retention in kidneys; controls blood pressure

Pituitary Gland

Corticotropin

Controls production and secretion of adrenal cortex hormones

Pituitary Gland

Growth hormone

Affects growth and development; stimulates protein production

Pituitary Gland

Luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

Controls reproductive functioning and sexual characteristics

Pituitary Gland

Oxytocin

Stimulates contraction of uterus and milk ducts in the breast

Pituitary Gland

Prolactin

Initiates and maintains milk production in breasts

Pituitary Gland

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

Stimulates the production and secretion of thyroid hormones

Kidneys

Renin and Angiotensin

Controls blood pressure

Kidneys

Erythropoietin

Affects red blood cell (RBC) production

Pancreas

Glucagon

Raises blood sugar levels

Pancreas

Insulin

Lowers blood sugar levels; stimulates metabolism of glucose, protein, and fat

Ovaries

Estrogen

Affects development of female sexual characteristics and reproductive development

Ovaries

Progesterone

Stimulates the lining of the uterus for fertilization; prepares the breasts for milk production

Parathyroid Glands

Parathyroid hormone

Affects bone formation and excretion of calcium and phosphorus

Thyroid Gland

Thyroid hormone

Affects growth, maturation, and metabolism

Connect with MLH

New Appointments
1.866.CALL.MLH

 Well Ahead Newsletter


STAY CONNECTED

Copyright 2014 Main Line Health

Printed from: www.mainlinehealth.org/stw/Page.asp

The information provided in this Web site is for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for medical advice. All medical information presented should be discussed with your healthcare professional. See additional Terms of Use at www.mainlinehealth.org/terms. For more information, call 1.866.CALL.MLH.