The body’s largest tendon connects the calf muscle to the heel bone, and
is the most common site of rupture or tendonitis, an inflammation of the
tendon due to overuse. Symptoms may include mild pain after exercise
that worsens gradually, stiffness that disappears after the tendon warms
up, and swelling.
Ankle Sprain and Strain
An injury to the foot's ligaments in the ankle, occurring as a result of
an ankle rolling, turning or twisting beyond its normal range of motion,
awkward foot placement, irregular surfaces, weak muscles, loose
ligaments or wearing shoes with spiked heels. Symptoms usually include
swelling, pain or bruising.
Pain in the ball of the foot—on the bottom of the foot behind the toes,
may be caused by nerve or joint damage in that area. May be due to a
flat foot placing stress on the joints and tendons, causing fatigue.
Is a fungal infection that usually starts between the toes and has
symptoms of dry scaly skin, itching, inflammation and blisters.
Misaligned big toe joints that can become swollen and tender. The
deformity causes the first joint of the big toe to slant outward, and
the second joint to angle toward the other toes.
Corns and Calluses
Protective layers of compacted, dead skin cell, caused by repeated
friction and pressure from skin rubbing against bony areas or against an
irregularity in a shoe. Corns ordinarily form on the toes and calluses
on the soles of the feet.
Fractures of Foot and Ankle
Some fractures such as stress fractures in the foot, may heal on their
own, while others in the ankle may require setting with a cast.
A condition in which the toe is bent in a claw-like position, usually
affecting the second toe when a bunion slants the big toe toward and
under it, but any of the other three smaller toes can be affected.
Although the condition usually stems from muscle imbalance, ill-fitting
shoes or socks that cramp the toes often aggravate it.
Growths of bone on the underside of the heel bone. They are sometimes
painless, but pain may result when inflammation develops at the point
where the spur forms. Heel spurs are often due to plantar fasciitis, an
inflammation of the connective tissue running from the heel to the ball
of the foot.
Nails whose corners or sides dig painfully into the skin, frequently
caused by improper nail trimming, but also by shoe pressure, injury,
fungus infection, heredity and poor foot structure.
Buildup of benign, noncancerous tissue in the nerves running between the
long bones of the foot, occurring when two bones rub together and
squeeze the nerve between them. Neuromas usually develop between the
bones leading to the third and fourth toes causing swelling, tenderness
and pain. If the pain becomes severe, it may cause tingling, numbness
and burning in the toes, especially after standing or walking for a long
period of time.
This is an overuse injury of the sole surface of the foot causing severe
pain in the heel, especially when standing up after resting. It results
in inflammation of the fascia, a tough, fibrous band of tissue that
connects the heel bone to the base of the toes. Flat feet and high
arches can contribute to plantar fasciitis, walking frequently on hard
surfaces, or walking or running with tight calf muscles.
For more information, call 1.866.CALL.MLH.